Bulk Material Loading Telescopic Chutes
Outloading of bulk solids in powder or granular form is a common task in industrial plants. A great deal of know-how is required to automate this process smoothly. Polimak offers wide range of solutions for bulk material loading applications. Being an essential component in bulk solid handling processes, telescopic chutes provide dust-free and safe outloading of powdered and granular materials to trucks, tankers, ships and stockpiles. They are generally mounted underneath silos, hoppers, or installed at the end of conveyors like screw feeders, elevators or pneumatic conveying systems. Bulk materials flowing from the upper side are transferred to the downstream vehicle, ship or stockpile efficiently without any dust emission and product loss.
How Telescopic Chutes Work ?
Main idea behind the telescopic chute system is discharging the powdered or granular bulk solid through a vertical column by its own weight and collecting any dust within the same enclosed column upwards. The varying height between the upper discharge point and lower loading point is compensated with making the column flexible. A mechanical winch system is used for adjusting the height while maintaining a closed area and straight passage for high capacity loading. Depending on application requirements different type of chutes, abrasion cones, dust collectors and similar equipment are included in whole loading system.
Depending on the type of loading medium, two main types of loading method exist; open loading and closed loading.
Telescopic open loading chutes are used to fill flatbed open trucks, ships and stockpiles where bulk material is directly exposed to environment. At the beginning of loading, telescopic chute is lowered towards the flatbed of truck / ship or basement and stops at the bottom. Material falls freely through the telescopic chute. Flexible dust skirt located at the bottom side of chute keeps the dust content inside the loading region. Additional vacuum air supplied by dust collection system ensures that any dust emission is prevented effectively. Level sensors installed on the unit are used to check product level continuously. As the product level increases, the telescopic chute raises automatically. After loading is completed, telescopic loading chute is retracted to the top stand-by position. Open truck loading telescopic chutes, ship loading telescopic chutes and stockpile loading telescopic chutes have extensive range of models and configurations depending on bulk material type, loading capacity and application requirements.
Telescopic closed loading chutes are used to fill tanker trucks, barges and ships with closed containers. At the beginning of loading, telescopic chute is lowered and stopped when it reaches to the tanker inlet. After that, product flow is started. Material falls freely through the inner side of the chute. Tanker is filled by the product. Air content of the tanker is transferred back through the chute and then discharged through the air vent. Level sensor located at the discharge point of telescopic chute monitors the product level in the tanker and stops the operation when the tank is full. After loading is completed, telescopic chute is retracted to the top stand-by position.
Advantages of Telescopic Chutes– Dust free loading. – Dust free working region, prevention of dust pollution, ensure plant and environmental safety. – Suitable for different bulk solids conveying and storage systems. – Loading is possible from different equipment like silo, hopper, screw feeder, conveyors etc. – Extensive range of models are available for wide range of needs. – Auto raise feature. When loading is completed, loading chute retracts automatically, saving valuable operator time. – No spillage and no product waste. – Materials with high temperatures up to 300 C can be loaded. – Food grade telescopic loading chutes are available. – Simple operation. – Easy maintenance.
Materials in powder and granule form like cement, fly ash, mining minerals, calcium carbonate, pvc, plastic pellets, plastic powders, polyethylene, ceramic powders,alumina, bentonite, bauxite, coal, cement clinker, gypsium, perlite, kaolin, limestone, marble powder, soda ash, quartz, urea, sodium suplhate, wheat, flour, animal feed, seed, corn, rice, sugar, salt and similar powdered or granular dry bulk solids are handled by telescopic chutes.
Extensive range of telescopic chutes are available for wide range of applications. Open truck loading, bulk tanker filling, stockpile loading and bulk ship loading chutes provide dust free outloading of bulk materials for industrial applications.
Bulk solid transfer equipment are used to transfer powdered and granular materials to telescopic chutes. Bulk materials are discharged from silos, hoppers, production lines with these transfer and conveying equipment.
Telescopic loading chutes and bulk solid discharge systems can be provided with extensive range of optional components and accessories for different application needs. Proper selection of accessories is essential for efficient and dust-free loading.