Roots Blower

Positive Displacement Blower Rotary loba blower roots blower pump in iron and steel foundry

Roots Blowers, Rotary Lobe Blowers

Roots blowers are rotary lobe compressors that generate pressurized or vacuum air for industrial processes. By utilizing positive displacement technology, rotary lobe blowers find use in applications, which require relatively constant air flow rate at varying discharge pressure conditions. These air and gas handling systems have been used for over a century in many industries.

Roots Blowers for Toughest Applications

Design, production and installation of proper equipment for harsh environments and toughest applications requires a great deal of know-how and long years of experience. Polimak manufactures roots type positive displacement blower packages for extensive range of industrial applications. Simple installation, low maintenance need, long years of problem free service, endurance for harsh environments are key features of Polimak blowers. Wide range of roots blower models and accessories are available depending on process parameters and site conditions.

Blower Operating Principle

Main components of the blower are two impellers (also referred as rotors or lobes). These impellers rotate in oppposite directions. As they rotate, a fixed quantity of gas at the inlet side is trapped between the impeller and the casing. The rotating impeller pushes the trapped gas to the discharge side against whatever pressure exists in the system. The cycle repeats six times with every revolution.

How does a “Roots Blower” operate?

Rotary positive displacement pump, also referred to as positive displacement (PD) blowers or roots blowers, are machines that “pushes” a relatively constant volume of gas through a system. Unlike compressors, a roots blower does not internally compress the gas. The compression is achieved through the blower pushing the constant volume against restrictions downstream in a pressure system. Flow through a PD machine is relatively constant, regardless of pressure changes. This is different from a centrifugal compressor, which maintains a relatively constant pressure while the flow varies.

Oil-Free Conveying

Since blower impellers do not make contact with each other and housing, no lubrication is required in gas conveying chamber. Therefore there exists no extra material in the conveying medium. This feature makes roots blowers have a great advantage in applications that require clean air or gas like aquaculture, milling, pneumatic conveying of foods and, chemicals.

Bareshaft Blowers

Positive displacement blowers can be delivered as bare shaft units.

Blower Packages

For an easy installation option, blowers can be prepared within a package unit which contains electrical motor, silencers and other accessories.

Benefits of Polimak Roots Blowers

  • Air flow rates from 20 m3/h to 20 000 m3/h
  • Pressure levels up to 1500 mbar, vacuum levels up to 500 mbar
  • Oil-free clean gas and air supply
  • Single piece rigid cast iron casing.
  • Ribbed blower body for high efficiency heat dissipation.
  • Heavy duty roller bearings for long years of blower service under heavy loads
  • Precision machined 3 lobe rotor profiles for higher efficiency with minimum noise
  • Piston ring sealing
  • Precision machined and heat treated timing gears for minimum vibration and maximum efficiency
  • Splash oil lubrication for longer service life
  • Easy to install
  • Low maintenance design

What is a Rotary Lobe Blower ?

Rotary lobe blower is a positive displacement pump that uses two impellers (rotors or lobes) to displace a fixed quantity of gas. The gas is forced out of the discharge side against whatever pressure exists in the system. This type of pump is often used in industrial applications to move gases that require relatively constant flow rate at varying pressure conditions. The main benefit of using a Roots blower is its ability to maintain high efficiencies over a wide range of flow rates. This makes it an ideal choice for many industrial applications.

What is a Roots Blower?

“Rotary lobe blowers” , “rotary lobe compressors” are other names of “roots blowers” used in industry.  The term “Roots Blower” was named after American inventors and brothers Philander and Francis Marion Roots, who in 1854 attempted to improve the efficiency of their water wheel power in Connersville. They patented the basic design in 1860 and The Roots Rotary Positive Blower Principle is now well known throughout the world. and still

How does a “Roots Blower” operate?

Twin lobe rotary air blowers belong to category of positive displacement blowers. They consist of a pair of “lobes” or “rotors” inside an oval shaped casing, closed at ends by side plates. The two lobes are driven by a pair of precision machined gears which rotate at same speed but in opposite direction.  As the rotors rotate, air or gas is drawn into inlet side of the blower housing and forced out the outlet side against system pressure.  With each revolution, six such volumes are displaced (in tri-lobe blowers). The air, which is forced out, is almost not allowed to come back due to the small clearances between rotors and casing. Only little amount of air can “SLIP” back through the clearances.

What is Positive Displacement ?

Positive displacement pumps are called so because of ”no fluid comes back to its casing during pumping out. A locking is formed by lobes or rotors, that acts like a seal and whole amount of fluid goes through delivery line. A positive displacement blower has an expanding cavity on the suction side and a decreasing cavity on discharge side. Gas flows into the expanding cavity at the inlet side and then the same amount of gas  is discharged as the cavity reduces at the outlet side. Thus a constant flow is maintained by the pump. This amount is called positively displaced amount and thats why its called positive displacement blower.

As there is no change in volume of the air and there is no compression within the blower, it merely displaces the air from the suction end to the discharge end. The pressure increase occurs at the discharge end against the system resistance.  Similarly the increment of cavity at the suction side develops the suction pressure in vacuum applications.

Positive displacement technology enables roots blowers to be used in industrial applications that require relatively constant flow rates at varying pressure conditions.

What is the Difference Between Blower, Fan and Compressor ?

Compressors, fans, and blowers are widely used in wide range of industrial applications. These devices are quite suitable for complex processes and have become indispensable for today’s industry. Generally speaking, fans, blowers and compressors are differentiated by the method used to move the air and by their compression ratio (or in other terms by the system pressure they must operate against).

Classification With Respect to Compression Ratio

Type Compression Ratio Average Operating Pressure *
Fan 0 – 1,3 0 – 0,25 bar
Blower 1,1 – 2,5 0,15 – 2 bar
Compressor > 2 3 – 12 bar

* Average operating pressure is the pressure range that the system is generally used in today’s industrial applications.

With respect to recent developments in gas handling technologies, it is not easy to define a strict pressure range, compression ratio or method of gas pumping for each type of air handling system. i.e. high pressure fans can reach 0,4 bar and they can still be called either as a fan or a blower depending on industrial application, country or sector.  Another example is single stage turbo blowers which follow the compression principle of the centrifugal compressors and they are called blowers instead of compressors.

To make a broad definition:


Fans are used to move large amounts of gas with a low increase in pressure . They are generally used for air circulation in buildings, ventilation, cooling of machniery, dust collection and similar industrial applications.


Blowers provide medium amount of gas pressure or vacuum with moderate pressure levels. Blowers are used in processes where the system resistance is higher than that for a fan. They are used in water treatment, pneumatic conveying systems, vacuum applications, industrial processes, superchargers etc.


Compressors provide higher pressures by reducing the volume of gases. They are used across the industries to provide shop or instrument air; to power air tools, paint sprayers, and abrasive blast equipment; to phase shift refrigerants for air conditioning and refrigeration; to propel gas through pipelines; etc.



ROtary lobe blowers positive displacement blower pumps

Roots Blower

Roots blowers are positive displacement, rotary lobe type air pumps. Blowers are used for generating air flow at high flow rates with low pressure and vacuum levels for wide range of industrial applications.

Roots Blower Rotary lobe pump pneumatic ocnveying water treatment vacuum applications

Blower Applications

Rotary lobe blowers are used in pneumatic conveying, waste water treatment, aquaculture , fish farms, vacuum systems, thermal forming, surface treatment and similar applications.

Roots Blower Rotary Lobe Blower Euqipment Component Accessories blower silencer filter motor relief valve

Blower Options and Accessories

Wide range of roots blower models and configurations are avaliable for different applications , process parameters and environment conditions

Roots Blower Rotary Lobe BLower user manual catalog brochure

Blower Models and Technical Documents

Technical catalogs, product brochures, installation, operation and maintenance manuals of rotary lobe blowers.